When is it Too Hot or Cold for Outside Play
Watching the weather is part of a child care providers job. Planning for playtime, field trips, or weather safety is part of the daily routine. The changes in weather require the child care provider to monitor the health and safety of children. What clothing, beverages, and protections are appropriate? Clothe children to maintain a comfortable body temperature (warmer months - lightweight cotton, colder months - wear layers of clothing). Beverages help the body maintain a comfortable temperature. Water or fruit juices are best. Avoid high-sugar content beverages and soda pop. Sunscreen may be used year around. Use a sunscreen labeled as SPF-15 or higher. Read and follow all label instructions for the sunscreen product. Look for sunscreen with UVB and UVA ray protection. Shaded play areas protect children from the sun.
- Children may play outdoors and be comfortable. Watch for signs of
INFANTS AND TODDLERS are unable to tell the child care provider if they are too hot or cold. Children become fussy when uncomfortable. Infants/toddlers will tolerate shorter periods of outdoor play. Dress infants/toddlers in lightweight cotton or cotton-like fabrics during the warmer months. In cooler or cold months dress infants in layers to keep them warm. Protect infants from the sun by limiting the amount of time outdoors and playing in shaded areas. Give beverages when playing outdoors.
YOUNG CHILDREN remind children to stop playing, drink a beverage, and apply more sunscreen.
OLDER CHILDREN need a firm approach to wearing proper clothing for the weather (they may want to play without coats, hats or mittens). They may resist applying sunscreen and drinking beverages while outdoors.
CONDITION YELLOW - use caution and closely observe the children for signs of being too hot or cold while outdoors. Clothing, sunscreen, and beverages are important. Shorten the length of outdoor time.
INFANTS AND TODDLERS use precautions outlined in Condition Green. Clothing, sunscreen, and beverages are important. Shorten the length of time for outdoor play.
YOUNG CHILDREN may insist they are not too hot or cold because they are enjoying playtime. Child care providers need to structure the length of time for outdoor play for the young child.
OLDER CHILDREN need a firm approach to wearing proper clothing for the weather (they may want to play without coats, hats or mittens), applying sunscreen and drinking liquids while playing outdoors.
CONDITION RED - most children should not play outdoors due to the health risk.
INFANTS/TODDLERS should play indoors and have ample space for large motor play.
YOUNG CHILDREN may ask to play outside and do not understand the potential danger of weather conditions.
OLDER CHILDREN may play outdoors for very short periods of time if they are properly dressed, have plenty of fluids. Child care providers must be vigilant about maximum protection of children.
Understand the Weather
The weather forecast may be confusing unless you know the meaning of the words.
Blizzard Warning: There will be snow and
strong winds that produce a blinding snow,
deep drifts, and life threatening wind chills.
Seek shelter immediately.
Heat Index Warning: How hot it feels to the
body when the air temperature (in Fahrenheit)
and relative humidity are combined.
|Child Care Weather Watch was produced by the Iowa Department of Public Health, Healthy Child Care Iowa. This guide was produced through federal grant (MCJ19T029 & MCJ19KCC7) funds from the US Department of Health & Human Services, Health Resources & Services Administration, Maternal & Child Health Bureau. For questions about health and safety in child care contact the Iowa Healthy Families line telephone 1-800-369-2229. Wind-Chill and Heat Index information is from the National Weather Service.|