Licensing Standards for DayCare Centers
DISCIPLINE AND GUIDANCE
- A Center shall ensure that all staff use positive age appropriate
methods of discipline and guidance of children which encourage self-control,
self-direction, self-esteem and cooperation.
- A. Praise, rewards and encouragement, rather than punishment, shall be
- B. Responses to a child's behavior shall be appropriate to the child's
- C. Corporal punishments inflicted in any way on a child's body including
shaking, biting, pinching, slapping or spanking shall be prohibited.
- D. Children shall not be humiliated, frightened or verbally, physically
or sexually abused by staff.
- E. Children shall not be deprived of food or toilet use as punishments.
- F. Children shall not be tied or placed in mechanical restraints as a punishment.
- G. Children shall not be isolated without supervision.
- H. Children shall not be punished for not going to sleep, toileting accidents,
failure to eat all or part of food or failure to complete a prescribed activity.
- I. A Center shall have a written statement in plain language regarding
the discipline and guidance of children. The statement on discipline shall
be posted in a prominent place in the Center and routinely provided to parents
and staff, including substitutes and volunteers.
- A Center shall ensure that the daily population at the Center
is in accordance with any size restrictions on the Center's license.
- A Center shall make every effort to ensure that admission procedures
involve a meeting with the parent(s) or parent substitute and child whenever
- A. Secure necessary information about the child;
- B. Determine if the child can benefit from the day care program;
- C. Provide parent(s) with the Center's policies as required; and
- D. Provide an opportunity for parent(s) and child to observe the Center
- A Center shall have and use a written policy regarding parent
communication and involvement in the Center including:
- A. Assurances that parent visits and parent monitoring of the program are
- B. Procedures for ensuring that parent(s) are kept informed concerning
the program and their child;
- C. Opportunities for involvement of parent(s) in the Center;
- D. Procedures for a minimum of one (1) conference annually between Center
staff and parent(s);
- E. A procedure encouraging parent(s) to review current licensing requirements
made available at the Center;
- F. A clear procedure for making and handling parental complaints regarding
- G. A daily overall schedule of the Center's programs and activities; and
- H. Procedures related to release of children.
- This policy shall be provided to parent(s) upon enrollment.
- A Center shall ensure that parent(s) shall have access to the
Center to observe their children at any time without prior approval of the
- A Center shall have a program of varied activities and sufficient
equipment and supplies to implement that program.
- A. The Center shall have a program of varied activities designed to promote
the development of language and thinking skills, large and small muscles,
social skills, self-esteem and postive self-image, as appropriate to the ages
and functioning levels of children in care.
- B. The program shall ensure that children do not spend excessive units
of time sitting or confined to cribs or playpens.
- The program in a Center shall provide physical care routines appropriate
to each child's developmental needs, including a supervised rest period after
the noon meal.
- A. A Center shall provide opportunities for rest/sleep for each child in
attendance according to the child's individual physical needs.
- B. An alternative quiet activity shall be provided for those children who
have rested or slept for thirty (30) minutes and do not appear to need additional
rest or sleep.
- C. The rest area(s) shall be adequately lighted to allow visual supervision
at all times.
- The program shall include indoor and outdoor time periods with:
- A. Alternating active and quiet activities;
- B. Opportunity for individual and group activities;
- C. Outdoor time each day that weather permits; and
- D. Opportunities for children to choose materials freely.
INFANT AND TODDLER CARE (Under two (2) years of age)
- A Center shall develop and keep on file a written plan of daily
activities appropriate to the developmental levels of children and the type
of program offered.
- A Center shall care for infants and toddlers in rooms and outdoor
play areas separate from older children (unless 11 or fewer children
- A caregiver shall always be in the room with the infants and toddlers.
- A Center shall allow each infant to spend time outside the crib
or playpen each morning and afternoon in a sanitary area protected from foot
- A Center shall ensure that infants, while awake, remain in their
cribs for no longer than one hour as long as they stay content and responsive.
- A Center shall provide low chairs and tables or infant seats with
trays for table play and mealtime for children no longer being held for feeding.
High chairs, if used, shall have a wide base and a safety strap.
- A Center shall provide a rocking chair or other comfortable adult-size
seating for at least one-half of the caregivers on duty in the infant area.
- A Center shall provide a minimum of three (3) different age- appropriate
daily activities from the following:
- A. Sensory stimulation activities;
- B. Language stimulation;
- C. Activities designed to encourage coordination and fine motor skills;
- D. Building activities;
- E. Activities designed to encourage social interaction;
- F. Large muscle activities;
- G. Activities designed to encourage problem-solving and intellectual development;
- H. Musical activities.
CHILDREN OVER TWO (2) YEARS OF AGE
- A Center shall maintain a record of each child's daily activities
to be shared with the parent daily when the child is picked up.
- A Center shall provide a minimum of five (5) different age-appropriate
daily activities from the following:
- A. Art activities;
- B. Large muscle activities;
- C. Manipulative activities;
- D. Musical activities;
- E. Dramatic play;
- F. Science activities;
- G. Water, sand or other sensory activities;
- H. Cooking activities; and
- I. Language arts activities.
- A Center shall ensure that toys, play equipment and other equipment
used by the children shall be of substantial construction and free from rough
edges, sharp corners, pinch and crush points, splinters and exposed bolts.
- A Center shall provide play equipment and materials that are varied
and appropriate to the developmental needs and ages of children.
- A. There shall be a sufficient amount of play equipment and materials so
that there is not excessive competition and long waits.
- A Center shall prohibit toys that explode or fire projectiles.
- A Center shall ensure that infants and toddlers do not have access
to plastic bags, styrofoam objects or toys and objects with a diameter of
less than one (l) inch.
- A Center shall provide adequate staff supervision of children
during trips off the Center's premises to ensure safety.
- During routine program outings in close proximity to the Center,
a Center shall have a minimum of two (2) caregivers or other adults with staff/child
ratios maintained in accordance with Requirement 92.
- During field trips, the staff/child ratios shall be according
to the chart below:
Age of Youngest Child in Group
| Maximum Number of Children to be Supervised by One Adult
| 0 - 23 months
| 2 years
| 3 years
| 4 years
| 5 years
| 6 years and older
SMOKING, ALCOHOL AND DRUG USE PROHIBITED
- A. Staff shall have a list of the children present and shall check the
- B. Staff shall have access to medical consent forms nd emergency contact
information for all children.
- C. Staff must have first aid supplies available.
- D. Children shall have tags or other means of providing a contact telephone
- E. Staff shall have a plan for transportation of children in the event
of an emergency.
RELEASE OF CHILDREN
- A Center shall ensure that no person smokes in the presence of
children at the Center or shows signs of alcohol or drug use while at the
- A Center shall have and use written policy and procedures for
the release of children including:
- A. Procedures ensuring documentation of the release of the child from the
responsibility of Center staff to an authorized person;
- B. Procedures for emergency release of children;
- C. Procedures regarding the release of the child to any person not known
to Center staff; and
- D. Procedures to be followed when a person not authorized to receive a
child or a person showing clear signs of drug or alcohol use requests release
of a child;
- E. This release policy shall be provided to all parents, staff members
- A Center shall ensure that a child is released only to a parent
or a person authorized by the parent to receive the child.
- A Center shall have a procedure to verify the identity of any
person receiving a child prior to releasing the child when that person is
not known to Center staff and shall keep written documentation of such verification
for at least 24 hours.
- When a parent calls the Center requesting emergency release of
a child, the Center shall verify the identity of the parent prior to releasing