Maryland Childcare
State Requirements

Worker Qualifications
Senior Staff: At least 20 years old with a high school diploma or equivalent or successful completion of courses for credit from accredited college or university; and 6 semester hours or 90 clock hours of approved training or CDA and either 1 year supervised work experience in group program for preschoolers or as a registered family child care provider, or 1 year of college or equivalent combination of college and experience; or at least 19 years old and hold AA degree in early childhood education or recreation. Persons approved or certified by State Department of Education as teacher for grades nursery through third grade are also considered qualified as senior staff. 

To become a child care provider you first need to decide if you want to open a business in your home or if you want to create a center-based business. Below is a definition of each type of business: 

  • Family Dayare – You may provide care for up to 8 children in your home
  • Large Family Dayare – You may care for up to 12 children in your home
  • Dayare Center – You may provide care in a facility outside of your home that is zoned to be used as a child care center. The number of children you serve is dependent upon the square footage of the building.

Anyone who is interested in starting a child care business in a home or center is required to take the face-to-faceorientation training. Please contact the Office of Child Care Regional Licensing Office to schedule the Orientation Training.

To prepare for your orientation session, you may wish to view the on-line orientation preview. This does not replace the face-to-face orientation session you are required to attend at your Regional Office of Child Care.

Provider /Child Ratio
Age Range Ratios for Center Based Care in Maryland State
Infants (1:3)
Young toddlers (1:3)
2 years (1:6)
Preschool (1:10)
Schoolage (1:15)
Mixed age group varies by ages
Age Range Ratios for Family Child Care in Maryland State
All ages

(1:8) no more than 2 children under age 2

Contact Information
Child Care Licensing Agency
Maryland Department of Education
Division of Early Childhood Development
Office of Child Care
306 W Redwood Street
Baltimore, MD 21201
Phone: (410) 332-0813
Toll Free: (800) 332-6347
Fax: (410) 333-8699
Maryland Daycare Listings
Child Care Subsidy Agency
Maryland Department of Education
Division of Early Childhood Development
Office of Child Care
200 West Baltimore Street
Baltimore, MD 21201
Phone: (410) 767-0578
Toll Free: (800) 332-6347
Fax: (410) 333-8699
Head Start - State Collaboration Office
Division of Instruction and Early Learning
200 W. Baltimore Street
Baltimore, MD, 21201
Phone: (410) 767-6546
Fax: (410) 333-2379
Fax: (410) 333-2379
Child Care Food Program Agency
Maryland Department of Education
200 West Baltimore Street
Baltimore, Maryland 21201-2595
Phone: (410) 767-0199
Fax: (410) 333-2635
State Child Care Resource & Referral Contact
Maryland Committee for Children, Inc.
608 Water Street
Baltimore, MD 21202
Phone: (410) 752-7588
Fax: (410) 752-6286
Office of Child Support Enforcement
Child Support Enforcement Administration
Department of Human Resources
Saratoga State Center 311 West Saratoga Street, Room 329
Baltimore, Maryland 21201-3521
Child Abuse Reporting
To report suspected child abuse in Maryland, call (410) 767-7112 or (800) 332-6347, or TTY for hearing impaired: (800) 925-4434
For national child abuse information, call the Childhelp®, 800-4-A-CHILD (800-422-4453), or your local CPS agency.
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