Licensing Standards for DayCare Centers
.0501 STAFF/CHILD RATIO .0502 CAREGIVING ACTIVITIES FOR INFANTS AND TODDLERS .0503 CAREGIVING ACTIVITIES FOR PRESCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN .0504 CAREGIVING ACTIVITIES FOR SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN
History Note: Authority G.S. 110-91; 110-91(2),(12); 143B-168.1; 143B-168.3; Eff. January 1, 1986; Amended Eff. January 1, 1987; Repealed Eff. July 1, 1988.
.0505 DEVELOPMENTAL DAY CENTERS
Child care centers which meet the criteria for developmental day centers, as defined in 10 NCAC 14V .2401(contained in APSM 30-1, Rules for Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities and Substance Abuse Facilities and Services, published by the Division of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities and Substance Abuse Services), shall be deemed to be in compliance with the provisions of Rules. 0508 through .0511 of this Section by complying with the requirements for activities for developmental day centers set forth in 10 NCAC 14V .2403.
History Note: Authority G.S. 110-91(2),(12); 143B-168.3; Eff. January 1, 1987; Amended Eff. July 1, 1998; July 1, 1988.
.0506 WRITTEN SCHEDULE: CENTERS
History Note: Authority G.S. 110-91(2),(12); 143B-168.3; Eff. July 1, 1988; Amended Eff. January 1, 1996; November 1, 1989; Repealed Eff. July 1, 1998.
.0507 ACTIVITY PLAN: SMALL CENTERS
History Note: Authority G.S. 110-91(12); 143B-168.3; Eff. July 1, 1988; Amended Eff. November 1, 1989; Repealed Eff. July 1, 1998.
.0508 ACTIVITY SCHEDULES AND PLANS FOR CENTERS
(a) All centers shall have a schedule for each group of children posted for easy reference by parents and by caregivers.
(1) The schedule shall show blocks of time usually assigned to types of activities and shall include periods of time for both active play and quiet play or rest.
(2) Blocks of time shall show activities that are scheduled for indoor and outdoor areas.
(3) The activities and allotted times reflected in the schedule shall be developmentally appropriate for the children in care.
(4) When children two years old or older are in care, the schedule shall also reflect daily opportunities for both free-choice and teacher-directed activities. (b) All centers shall develop a written plan of developmentally appropriate activities designed to stimulate social, emotional, intellectual and physical development for each group of children in care.
(1) The activity plan shall always be current and accessible for easy reference by parents and caregivers.
(2) The activity plan shall include at least one daily activity for each developmental goal specified in Paragraph(b) of this Rule. Activities which allow children to choose to participate with the whole group, part of the group, or independently shall be identified. The plan shall reflect that the children have at least four different activities in which they may choose to participate on a daily basis. (c) The schedule and activity plan may be combined as one document that shall always be current and posted for easy reference by parents and caregivers.
History Note: Authority G.S. 110-91(2),(12); 143B-168.3; Eff. July 1, 1988; Amended Eff. July 1, 1998.
.0509 ACTIVITIES: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR CENTERS
(a) Each center shall have developmentally appropriate equipment and materials accessible on a daily basis.
(b) The materials and equipment shall be sufficient to provide a variety of play experiences which promote the children's social, emotional, intellectual and physical development.
(c) Teacher-made and home-made equipment and materials may be used if they are safe and functional. Materials and equipment that are accessible to children shall not be coated or treated with, nor shall they contain, toxic materials such as creosote, pentacholorphenol, tributyl tin oxide, dislodgeable arsenic and any finishes which contain pesticides.
(d) Developmentally appropriate equipment and materials shall be provided for a variety of outdoor activities which allow for vigorous play and large muscle development. Each child shall have the opportunity for outdoor play each day that weather conditions permit. The center shall provide space and time for vigorous indoor activities when children cannot play outdoors.
History Note: Authority G.S. 110-91(2),(12); 143B-168.3; Eff. July 1, 1988; Amended Eff. July 1, 1998; January 1, 1996.
.0510 ACTIVITY AREAS: PRESCHOOL CHILDREN TWO YEARS AND OLDER
(a) Each center shall have equipment and materials available in activity areas on a daily basis. Centers with a licensed capacity of three to 12 children located in a residence are not required to have activity areas, but must have equipment and materials available daily for the children in care.
(b) An activity area is an identifiable space which is accessible to the children and where related equipment and materials are kept in an orderly fashion.
(c) Each activity area shall contain enough materials to allow three related activities to occur at the same time. The materials and equipment shall be in sufficient quantity to allow at least three children to use the area regardless of whether the children choose the same or different activities.
(d) Each center shall make at least four of the activity areas listed in G.S. 110-91(12) available daily to preschool children two years or older as follows:
(1) Centers with a licensed capacity of 30 or more children shall have at least four activity areas available in the space occupied by each group of children.
(2) Centers with a licensed capacity of less than 30 children shall have at least four activity areas available daily. Separate groups of children may share use of the same activity areas.
(3) Centers with a licensed capacity of three to 12 children located in a residence shall have at least four types of activities available daily. (e) In addition to the activity areas which are available each day, each center shall have materials and equipment in sufficient quantity, as described in Paragraph(c) of this Rule, to ensure that activities are made available at least once per month in each of the five activity areas listed G.S. 110-91(12).
(f) Each center shall provide materials and opportunities for music and rhythm activities, science and nature activities, and sand and water play for each group of children at least once per month.
History Note: Authority G.S. 110-91(6),(12); 143B-168.3; Eff. July 1, 1998; Amended Eff. July 1, 1998; October 1, 1991.
.0511 ACTIVITIES FOR CHILDREN UNDER TWO YEARS OF AGE
(a) Each center shall have developmentally appropriate toys and activities for each child to promote the child's physical, emotional, intellectual and social well-being including appropriate books, blocks, dolls, pretend play materials, musical toys, sensory toys, and fine motor toys.
(1) The materials shall be kept in an identifiable space where related equipment and materials are kept in identifiable groupings and must be made available to the children for a substantial portion of each day.
(2) The materials shall be offered in sufficient quantity to allow all children to use them at some point during the day and to allow for a range of choices with duplicates of the most popular toys.
(3) Caregivers shall make provisions for the promotion of physical development for a substantial portion of the day which shall include varied, developmentally appropriate physical activities. A safe clean, uncluttered area shall be available for infants to crawl or creep and for toddlers to move around.
(4) Hands-on experiences, including both familiar and new activities, shall be provided to enable the infant or toddler to learn about himself and the world. (b) The center shall provide time and space for sleeping, eating, toileting, diaper changing, and playing according to each child's individual need.
(c) The caregivers shall interact in a positive manner with each child every day, including the following ways:
(1) Caregivers shall respond promptly to an infant or toddler's physical and emotional needs, especially when indicated by crying through actions such as but not limited to the following: feeding, diapering, holding, positive touching, smiling, talking and eye contact.
(2) The caregiver shall recognize the special difficulties of infant and toddler separations and assist families, infants, and toddlers to make the transition from home to center as gently as possible, such as a phased-in orientation process to allow infants and toddlers to experience limited amounts of time at the center before becoming fully integrated.
(3) A caregiver or team of caregivers shall be assigned to each infant or toddler as the primary caregiver(s) who shall be responsible for care the majority of the time.
(4) The caregiver shall make provision for constructive guidance and the setting of clearly defined limits which foster the infant's or toddler's ability to be self-disciplined, as appropriate to the child's age and development.
(5) In drop-in centers, every effort shall be made to place an infant or toddler, who uses the center frequently, with the same caregiver. (d) Each child shall have the opportunity to be outdoors daily when weather conditions permit.
History Note: Authority G.S. 110-91(2),(12); 143B-168.3; Eff. July 1, 1988; Amended Eff. July 1, 1998; October 1, 1991; January 1, 1991.