Oregon Oregon

Licensing Standards for DayCare Centers


414-300-130
Staff/Child Ratios and Group Size

(1) The number of caregivers and group size shall be determined by the number and ages of the children in attendance.

(2) The maximum number of children in a group and the ratio of caregivers to children specified in Table 3A of this rule shall apply, except that:

(a) When all toddler, preschool and school-age children are at rest, the situation permits, and the room is arranged so all children are supervised, there may be one teacher or Aide II supervising the resting room. As children awaken and become active, additional staff shall be added to return ratios to those in Table 3A. Sufficient staff to meet the required ratio shall be in the facility and able to be summoned by the caregiver without leaving the resting room; and

(b) Maximum group size shall not apply to field trips, outdoor play, planned large group activities, napping and eating. Staff/child ratios shall apply to these activities.

(c) Centers with certification in effect on July 15, 2001, shall comply with age groupings, staff/child ratios and group size in either Table 3A or Table 3B for as long as the facility is continuously used for child care, under the following conditions:

(A) The center must choose to operate under Table 3A or Table 3B; centers shall not operate under a combination of both;

(B) If centers wish to change from operating under one set of ratios to operating under the other set of ratios, the change shall occur at the time of certification renewal; and

(C) Centers may change options only twice.

TABLE 3A:

Age of Children

Minimum Number of Caregivers to Children

Maximum Number of Children in a Group

6 weeks of age through 23 months

1:4

8

24 months of age through 35 months

1:5

10

36 months of age to attending kindergarten

1:10

20

attending kindergarten and older

1:15

30

TABLE 3B:

Age of Children

Minimum Number of Caregivers to Children

Maximum Number of Children in a Group

6 weeks of age and under 30 months

1:4

8

30 months old to attending kindergarten

1:10

20

attending kindergarten and older

1:15

30

(3) Children shall at all times have the full attention of the appropriate number of staff. Children shall be within sight and sound of a caregiver at all times, except as specified below.

(a) School-age children shall be within sight and/or sound of staff at all times, and staff shall be near enough to children to respond when needed. Children out of direct visual contact shall be monitored regularly and frequently and must be in approved activity areas. A written plan regarding the use and monitoring of these activity areas must be approved by CCD.

(b) School age programs with toilet facilities or activities off-site shall have a written plan, approved by CCD, to assure accountability for all children.

(4) At least one caregiver who meets the qualifications of a teacher (OAR 414-300-0100) shall supervise each group of children.

(5) In a mixed group of older toddler, preschool and school-age children, the number of caregivers shall be determined by the age of the youngest child in the group.

(6) If there are four or fewer children of any age in care for 45 minutes or less directly after opening or directly before closing, OAR 414-300-0300(10) does not apply and infants and younger toddlers may be included with older children. The staff shall be teacher qualified in one of the represented age groups and the staff/child ratio must be 1:4.

(a) Each age group must have age appropriate activities, equipment and toys available for use; and

(b) If infants or toddlers are part of the multiple age group, a diaper changing area must be located in the room being utilized for care.

(7) Any time there are children in care,

(a) There shall be a staff person and one other adult on site. The other adult shall be enrolled in the Criminal History Registry and shall be physically available to be called on by staff, if needed; or

(b) There shall be a written plan, approved by CCD, for a second caregiver to be available within 5 minutes for emergencies. The name and telephone number of the emergency back-up shall be known to all staff who work alone


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