Oregon Oregon

Licensing Standards for DayCare Centers

Hazards and Emergencies

(1) Protection from Hazards

(a) Glass surfaces subject to impact by children shall be of safety glass and marked at a child's eye level or have a protective barrier in place.

(b) Electrical outlets accessible to children not yet attending kindergarten shall have protective caps or safety devices when not in use.

(c) All stairways with three steps or more used by children shall have handrails installed a minimum of thirty inches to a maximum of thirty-four inches above the stair tread.

(d) Protective barriers shall be used in any hazardous location accessible to a child.

(e) A movable barrier, such as a mesh-type gate, shall be placed at the top and/or bottom of all stairways accessible to infants and toddlers. Gates and enclosures should have the Juvenile Products Manufacturers Assn. (JPMA) certification seal to ensure safety.

(f) Lights shall be protected from hazards or breakage by installation of covers or shields.

(g) All rooms used by staff and children shall have adequate lighting.

(h) Floors shall be free of splinters, large or unsealed cracks, sliding rugs, and other hazards.

(i) Items of potential danger to children (e.g., cleaning supplies and equipment, poisonous and toxic materials, paints, plastic bags, aerosols, detergents) shall be:

(A) Kept in the original container or labeled;

(B) Secured by a child-proof lock or latch;

(C) Stored in an area not used by children; and

(D) Stored separately from food service equipment and supplies.

(j) Lead-based paint or other toxic finishing materials shall not be used on walls, furnishings, toys, or any other equipment, materials or surface which may be used by children or are within their reach.

(k) The possession and/or storage of firearms and ammunition are prohibited in the center.

(l) Other hazards observed in the certification process must be corrected.

(2) Preparation for Emergencies

(a) A portable emergency light source, in working condition, shall be available with each group of children.

(b) Telephone service shall be accessible and available in the center at all times when children are in care.

(c) The center must have a system in place to ensure that parents can have contact with facility staff at all times when children are in care.

(d) Telephone numbers for fire, emergency medical care, and poison control shall be posted on or near all telephones. Portable telephones must have emergency numbers on the phone.

(e) Written instructions for evacuating the building, including a map illustrating exiting, shall be posted in each room children use.

(3) Emergency Plan

(a) The center shall have a written plan for handling emergencies, including, but not limited to, fire, acute illness of a child or staff, floods, earthquakes, and evacuation of the facility. The plan must include:

(A) How the center will ensure that parents or the parents' emergency contacts can be reached in person;

(B) Designation of an alternate site in the event of evacuation;

(C) How the center will inform parents where children will be located in the event of evacuation;

(D) An accessible file of emergency contact numbers for children and staff; and

(E) Designation of a staff member(s) to take the emergency contact numbers file to the evacuation site in the event of an evacuation.

(b) All staff shall be familiar with the emergency telephone numbers and emergency procedures.

(c) Fire drills shall be practiced monthly. In addition, one other aspect of the emergency plan shall be practiced every other month.

(A) The director shall keep a written record of the type, date, time, and duration of the practices.

(B) If a center has on-site swimming or is responsible for off-site swimming, the practices must include pool and swimming safety.

(d) Fire and other emergency exiting shall not be through a swimming pool area.


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